Grupo Frente

Grupo Frente

Grupo Frente was a Brazilian art movement in the 1950s that rejected the figuration and nationalism of modernist Brazilian painting.

The Grupo Frente movement was established by artist and teacher Ivan Serpa in Rio de Janeiro in 1954. Many of the affiliated artists had been students of Serpa at the Museum of Modern Art of Rio de Janeiro. Although the group was linked to concrete art, it did not adhere to a single stylistic position; instead, its members were unified in their rejection of the prevailing modernist Brazilian painting style. Notably, artists associated with Grupo Frente, such as Lygia Clark and Lygia Pape, played pivotal roles in the formation of the highly influential neo-concrete movement in 1958.

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Parra's studio, with Parra at the centre, his back to the camera as he works on the large painting takes centre stage, showing a faceless blue woman in a striped dress, painted in red, purple, blue and teal. The studio is full of brightly coloured paints, with a large window on the right and a patterned rug across the floor under the painting.