Due to trade, the 17th century saw significant exchanges of artistic objects and the worldwide dissemination of artistic styles.
Abstract art doesn't try to show things as they appear in reality – it uses shapes, colours, forms, and gestures to create its impact.
Abstract illusionism is commonly associated with the decorative designs found in Baroque art, particularly in building ornamentation.
Abstract landscapes draw inspiration from the real world but purposefully diverge from it, prioritising shapes over literal representations.
Abstract sculpture involves crafting a shape or form using a combination of lines or a simple shape, without the use of colour.
Acrylic paint is a quick-drying paint composed of pigment suspended in an acrylic polymer emulsion.
Action painting is a style where paint is applied spontaneously by dripping, splashing, or smearing onto the canvas instead of meticulous application.
African art includes paintings, sculptures, installations, and various forms of visual culture produced by native or indigenous Africans on the African continent.
Afrofuturism is a cultural style blending science fiction, history, and fantasy to delve into the African-American experience.
An Algorithm is a set of instructions used to solve problems, perform specific tasks or make decisions.
Antiquity refers to the ancient past, from approx 4,500 BCE, marking the origins of Western civilization, to around the start of the Middle Ages.
Aquatint is a print resembling a watercolour painting, etching a copper plate with nitric acid and using resin and varnish to achieve tonal shading.
Art Nouveau is a global design style from the 1890s, known for its graceful, flowing lines and organic shapes inspired by natural plant forms.
Arte Povera (poor art) was an art movement in 1960s Italy that endeavoured to forge a fresh sculptural style using modest, common materials.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science and technology that focuses on creating systems and machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.
Appropriation in art involves deliberate borrowing, replicating, and modifying of existing images, objects, and ideas as an artistic approach.
An art commission involves asking for the creation of a piece, typically on behalf of someone else.
Assemblage is characterised by the arrangement of three-dimensional elements on a defined surface, often protruding from the substrate.
Automatism involves crafting artwork without deliberate thought, tapping into the reservoir of the unconscious mind.
Bauhaus was a groundbreaking institution for art, architecture, and design, founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius in Weimar, Germany.
The Ben Day process is a method in printing that creates shades of grey or different colours by using intricate ink patterns on paper.
Biomorphism comes from the Greek ‘bios’ (life) and ‘morphe’ (form), describing abstract shapes or images that remind people of living things.
Black Arts Movement
The Black Arts Movement was an art movement led by African Americans, active in the 1960s and 1970s.
The blockchain is a distributed and decentralized digital ledger technology that securely records transactions across a network of computers.
The Chicano Art Movement signifies significant efforts by Mexican-American artists to create a distinct artistic identity within the United States.
A collagraph is a collage of materials with different textures adhered to a printing plate, typically made of thin wood or cardboard.
Conceptual art emerged in the late 1960s, prioritising the idea or concept behind the piece over the actual art object.
Conceptualism is an art movement that emerged in the mid-20th century, emphasizing the idea or concept behind an artwork rather than its visual or aesthetic qualities.
Contemporary African Art
Contemporary African art reflects a period of change and modernisation, typically created by African artists born after 1970.
Contemporary art is commonly used to describe art that pertains to the current era, often characterised by its innovative or avant-garde qualities.
Contemporary Asian Art
Contemporary Asian art typically describes art created across Asia since the 1980s.
Contemporary Figurative Painting
Contemporary figurative painting is art from the late 20th to the 21st century that portrays recognisable forms or figures from the real world.
Contemporary Impressionism refers to artworks created by modern artists that share aesthetic characteristics with the French Impressionists.
Contemporary performance is a body of work that blends elements from visual art, dance, and musical compositions, to construct an artistic expression.
Contemporary photography captures or mirrors a perspective on our present-day world, so it can sometimes be defined as an image taken in our lifetime.
In art, contour lines outline the edges of an object, emphasising the shape's boundaries and significant internal lines.
Digital printing is a technique that involves printing an image directly onto various types of media from a digital source.
Drypoint is a printmaking method in which a design is inscribed onto a plate using a sharp, needle-like tool.
Engraving is a printmaking method where incisions are crafted into a metal plate, serving to hold the ink and shape the resulting printed image.
Hindu art includes various artistic traditions linked to Hinduism, with deep connections to Hindu scriptures, rituals, and worship.
History painting is a genre of painting characterised by its subject matter rather than a particular artistic style or era.
Immersive art offers a heightened level of interactivity and experiential engagement, providing viewers with a more immersive experience.
Installation art revolves around crafting an aesthetic or sensory experience within a specific setting, frequently encouraging active participation.
Intaglio includes printing and printmaking methods where the image is engraved or etched into a surface, and the incised areas retain the ink.
Interactive art refers to artwork that relies on the engagement and involvement of an observer.
Land art is creating art directly within the natural landscape, typically shaping the land itself to form earthworks with natural elements.
Linocut, also called lino print or linoleum art, is a printmaking technique similar to woodcut, using linoleum sheets as the relief surface.
Madonna and Child
“Madonna and Child” was painted by Duccio di Buoninsegna, one of the most influential artists of the late 13th and early 14th century.
Mezzotint is an engraving method that emerged in the 17th century, producing prints of smooth transitions of tone and deep, velvety black areas.
Minimalism was a primarily American art movement of the 1960s, characterised by simple geometric shapes and massive forms.
Modern art is characterised by a departure from traditional styles and values, notably produced from the late 19th century to the late 20th century.
A monotype is a unique image produced by printing from a smooth plate, like glass or metal, that has been inked with a design.
Neo-expressionism, which experienced a significant resurgence in the 1980s, marked a global revival of painting in an expressionist style.
Offset lithography is a printing process where the image is first transferred onto an intermediate surface before being printed onto the final sheet.
Oil painting involves using pigments mixed with a drying oil medium as the binding agent.
The term ‘Old Masters’ describes the well-known European artists, primarily painters, who worked from the Renaissance to 1800.
Outdoor art is art positioned in outdoor environments, typically created as outdoor sculptures and monuments.
Performance art is an art form that combines visual art with actions performed by the artist or other participants.
Photorealism includes painting, drawing, and other visual techniques, in which artists strive to recreate a photo image with the utmost realism.
Planographic printing is printing from a flat surface, unlike relief printing that uses raised surfaces, or intaglio printing’s incised surfaces.
Post-Internet is a 21st century art movement focusing on creations influenced by the Internet or its impact on aesthetics, culture and society.
Pre-Columbian art refers to the indigenous artworks of the Americas prior to Columbus' arrival in 1492.
Marcel Duchamp coined the term ‘readymade’ in 1916 to describe his art created from manufactured objects. It's now used for similar works by others.
Silkscreen printing, also known as silk-screening or serigraphy, is a printing technique that uses a tightly stretched mesh or screen.
Site-specific art describes artwork created specifically for a certain place and is closely connected to that location.
A smart contract is a self-executing computer program that runs on a blockchain and automatically enforces the terms of an agreement between parties without the need for an intermediary.
Sound-on-disc is a category of sound film techniques that use a phonograph or disc-based system for synchronising sound with a motion picture.
Stencilling is a method for replicating designs by applying ink or paint over cut-out holes in cardboard or metal onto the surface.
Web 3.0 is the next generation of the internet that describes decentralised networks built using blockchain technology.
Wood engraving involves carving lines directly into the woodblock, rather than cutting the background to create raised relief lines, unlike woodcut.